BALTIMORE, MD (April 2, 2012) – Maryland health officials are recognizing April as Oral Cancer Awareness Month by focusing on educating the public about the risk factors, signs and symptoms of the disease.
Approximately 550 Marylanders will be diagnosed with oral cancer this year. Nine out of ten people diagnosed with oral cancer use tobacco products, according to Maryland cancer data.
“Quitting tobacco prevents oral cancer,” said Dr. Joshua M. Sharfstein, Secretary of the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DHMH).
Other ways to reduce your risk of oral cancer include limiting alcoholic drinks, using a lip balm with an SPF of at least 15 anytime you are outdoors, having a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, and limiting certain sexual behaviors that place you at higher risk for exposure to the Human Papillomavirus (HPV).
“The survival rate for oral cancer, unlike most other cancers, hasn’t improved much over the past 50 years, because most people are diagnosed at a late stage,” said Dr. Harry Goodman, Director for DHMH’s Office of Oral Health. “For smokers, other risk factors like heavy alcohol use and being over age 40 play a role in the disease process. Unfortunately, now researchers are seeing an increase in oral cancers associated with HPV infection, a sexually transmitted disease.”
If you have any of the following signs or symptoms for more than two weeks, see your dental or medical provider immediately:
- A white or red patch in the mouth
- A sore, irritation, lump or thickening of the mouth
- Hoarseness or feeling that something is caught in the throat
- Difficulty moving the tongue or jaw
- Numbness of the tongue or other areas of the mouth
- Swelling of the jaw that causes dentures to fit poorly or become uncomfortable
A dental or medical provider can perform a painless, two-minute oral cancer exam during your regular check-up or cleaning. The exam looks for unusual red or white skin patches or sores inside the mouth and on the tongue or lips and swelling in the head and neck region. Oral cancer is most successfully treated when these often-unnoticed skin changes are found early in the course of the disease while still painless.
Tobacco users who need help quitting can get free counseling and medication by calling the Maryland Tobacco Quitline at 1-800-QUIT-NOW (1-800-784-8669). This program provides phone-based counseling and up to a four-week supply of nicotine patches or gum to tobacco users who are age 18 and over and meet basic health requirements. This free program is available to all regardless of income or how long they have smoked. The nicotine patches and gum are available while supplies last and are provided on a first come, first served basis.
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