October 3, 2019
Deidre McCabe, Director, Office of Communications, 410-767-3536 or
Maureen Regan, Deputy Director, Office of Communications, 410-767-8649
Maryland Secretary of Health issues clinical reporting order as severe lung illness investigation continues
Baltimore, MD – Maryland Department of Health (MDH) Secretary Robert R. Neall today issued the following clinical reporting order as the investigation of severe lung illnesses in Maryland continues:
DIRECTIVE AND ORDER
OF THE MARYLAND SECRETARY OF HEALTH
TO REPORT VAPING ASSOCIATED LUNG INJURY
WHEREAS, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (“CDC”) and the Maryland Department of Health (“MDH”) have issued health advisories concerning vaping associated lung injury;
WHEREAS, vaping devices, such as e-cigarettes, JUULS and vape pens, and vaping cartridges and/or juices used in conjunction with these products have been shown to contain nicotine, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and/or other substances, such as flavoring and/or chemicals (hereinafter collectively referred to as “vaping devices”);
WHEREAS, in 2019, an outbreak of lung injuries has developed in previously healthy individuals who had recently used vaping devices;
WHEREAS, the FDA and CDC have shown concern for a nationwide outbreak and have begun investigations into the cause of the outbreaks;
WHEREAS, § 18-102 of the Health-General Article of the Maryland Code gives the Secretary of Health the authority to adopt rules and regulations and take actions necessary to prevent diseases that endanger the public health;
WHEREAS, the number of cases of lung injuries associated with vaping devices reported in the State of Maryland is currently estimated to be 23, but this number only includes those voluntarily reported instances;
WHEREAS, it is necessary for all instances of lung injuries suspected to be related to the use of vaping devices to be reported for MDH to determine the full extent of this outbreak and of the danger to the public health;
WHEREAS, prompt reporting of suspected cases is required to allow for expeditious actions to be taken by the Secretary of Health, MDH, and the local health departments regarding vaping device related lung injuries;
WHEREAS, the CDC has released a case definition for vaping device related lung injuries associated with the current outbreak.
Now, therefore, I, Robert R. Neall, Secretary of Health, pursuant to § 18-102 of the Health-General Article of the Maryland Annotated Code, find it necessary for the maintenance of an effective disease surveillance system, for the investigation of actual or suspected cases of vaping related lung injuries, and for control of infectious disease, hereby order and direct as follows:
- This order applies to the following health care providers:
- All persons licensed by MDH under Titles 7, 7.5, 10, and 19 of the Health-General Article of the Maryland Annotated Code; and
- All individuals licensed under the provisions of the Health Occupations Article of the Maryland Annotated Code.
- All health care providers shall:
- Become familiar with the criteria for a suspected case of vaping associated lung injury, which is as follows:
Use of any e-cigarette (“vaping”) or dabbing in 90 days prior to symptom onset
Pulmonary infiltrate, including opacities on plain film chest radiograph or ground-glass opacities on chest CT
No alternative plausible diagnoses (e.g., infectious, cardiac, rheumatologic, or neoplastic process);
- Submit, within one working day, telephonic or written morbidity reports of suspected vaping associated lung injury to the local health department for the jurisdiction in which the health care is located;
- Consult the Maryland Department of Health Vaping Associated Lung Injury website for updated information and additional resources at https://phpa.health.maryland.gov/OEHFP/EH/Pages/VapingIllness.aspx;
- Educate and instruct the patient on appropriate measures to prevent further injury.
- All Local Health Departments shall:
- Immediately notify the MDH PHPA of any suspected vaping associated lung injury cases; and
- Maintain the confidentiality of information collected pursuant to Section 2, above, as required by State and federal law;
THIS DIRECTIVE AND ORDER IS ISSUED UNDER MY HAND THIS THIRD DAY OF OCTOBER, 2019, AND IS EFFECTIVE IMMEDIATELY.
While the investigation continues, MDH recommends refraining from the use of all e-cigarette or vaping products. Cannabis or 'THC' vape-products that are obtained off the street may pose the greatest risk.
MDH offers free resources to those who are trying to quit smoking or vaping. The Maryland Tobacco Quitline provides phone, web and text services 24/7, along with free nicotine patches, gum and lozenges sent directly to participants. Call 1-800-QUIT-NOW or visit smokingstopshere.com for more information.
For more information about the national outbreak of lung injury associated with e-cigarette use and vaping, visit: https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/basic_information/e-cigarettes/severe-lung-disease.html.
For more information about the MDH investigation into severe lung illness associated with e-cigarettes and vaping, including current case counts in Maryland, visit: https://phpa.health.maryland.gov/OEHFP/EH/Pages/VapingIllness.aspx. Case counts are updated every Wednesday.
The Maryland Department of Health is dedicated to protecting and improving the health and safety of all Marylanders through disease prevention, access to care, quality management and community engagement.
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