• English

    Google Translate Disclaimer

    The Maryland Department of Information Technology (“DoIT”) offers translations of the content through Google Translate. Because Google Translate is an external website, DoIT does not control the quality or accuracy of translated content. All DoIT content is filtered through Google Translate which may result in unexpected and unpredictable degradation of portions of text, images and the general appearance on translated pages. Google Translate may maintain unique privacy and use policies. These policies are not controlled by DoIT and are not associated with DoIT’s privacy and use policies. After selecting a translation option, users will be notified that they are leaving DoIT’s website. Users should consult the original English content on DoIT’s website if there are any questions about the translated content.

    DoIT uses Google Translate to provide language translations of its content. Google Translate is a free, automated service that relies on data and technology to provide its translations. The Google Translate feature is provided for informational purposes only. Translations cannot be guaranteed as exact or without the inclusion of incorrect or inappropriate language. Google Translate is a third-party service and site users will be leaving DoIT to utilize translated content. As such, DoIT does not guarantee and does not accept responsibility for, the accuracy, reliability, or performance of this service nor the limitations provided by this service, such as the inability to translate specific files like PDFs and graphics (e.g. .jpgs, .gifs, etc.).

    DoIT provides Google Translate as an online tool for its users, but DoIT does not directly endorse the website or imply that it is the only solution available to users. All site visitors may choose to use alternate tools for their translation needs. Any individuals or parties that use DoIT content in translated form, whether by Google Translate or by any other translation services, do so at their own risk. DoIT is not liable for any loss or damages arising out of, or issues related to, the use of or reliance on translated content. DoIT assumes no liability for any site visitor’s activities in connection with use of the Google Translate functionality or content.

    The Google Translate service is a means by which DoIT offers translations of content and is meant solely for the convenience of non-English speaking users of the website. The translated content is provided directly and dynamically by Google; DoIT has no direct control over the translated content as it appears using this tool. Therefore, in all contexts, the English content, as directly provided by DoIT is to be held authoritative.

    Group A Streptococcus
    (Streptococcus pyogenes)

    Group A Streptococcus (GAS) or Streptococcus pyogenes is a bacterium that can be found in the throat or on the skin of healthy individuals. While the majority of illness caused by GAS is relatively mild, usually presenting as "strep throat" or impetigo (a skin infection), GAS may also cause more serious and sometimes deadly infection.

    Although rare, severe invasive GAS disease can occur when bacteria break through a person's defenses and enter parts of the body, such as the blood or muscle, where it is not usually found. Two of the most severe, but least common, forms of invasive GAS disease are necrotizing fasciitis and streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS). Necrotizing fasciitis (NF), often called "flesh-eating bacteria" by the media, occurs when the bacteria release toxins that destroy muscles, fat, and skin tissue. With STSS, the release of toxins can cause a rapid drop in blood pressure and subsequent organ failure. Of note, STSS is not related to "toxic shock syndrome" which is associated with tampon use and is caused by a toxin-producing strain of Staphylococcus aureus.

    GAS infections are treated with a course of antibiotics. In severe cases, patients may need to stay in the intensive care unit to adequately monitor and treat the infection. For patients diagnosed with NF, early and aggressive surgery is usually required to remove the damaged tissue and to prevent the spread of the disease.

    GAS spreads through direct contact with the nasal and oral secretions of those who are infected or exposure to the bacteria through open wounds or sores. The spread of all types of GAS infection can be reduced by good hand washing, especially after coughing, sneezing, and before food preparation and consumption.

    For more information on GAS, please visit:                                                                      CDC GAS Disease Website