Maryland Prevention Programs
HIV prevention programs target behaviors that put people at risk of HIV infection. While anyone can become infected with HIV, certain behaviors such as injection drug use or unprotected sex put individuals at a greater risk for infection. Many of the HIV prevention programs, operated by local health departments and community based organizations, implement proven health education and risk reduction interventions to target these high-risk behaviors. Other prevention programs distribute risk reduction equipment, disseminate information, and offer opportunities for clients to learn their HIV serostatus. Most HIV prevention programs are local, not statewide. Prevention programs are selected based on Maryland 's prevention priorities.
The Infectious Disease and Environmental Health Administration funds and manages these core public health interventions which are widely available:
Counseling, Testing and Referral
The Infectious Disease and Environmental Health Administration has established designated HIV Counseling, Testing and Referral (CTR) sites throughout Maryland. In addition to the designated CTR sites, most local health department STD, family planning, maternal health, TB, addictions treatment, and other clinic programs, as well as local detention centers and the Division of Corrections are offering HIV risk assessment, counseling, testing, and referral to their clients. For more information about Counseling, Testing and Referral (CTR) sites or HIV testing, click here
Partner Services (PS)
In an effort to reduce the rate of new HIV infections by 50%, the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention (CDC) emphasizes the importance of Partner Services (PS) in identifying individuals at high risk for HIV infection. The goal of Partner Services (PS) is to interrupt disease transmission by helping HIV-infected persons to notify their sex and/or needle-sharing partners. Informing partners at high risk about their exposure to and possible infection with HIV enables them to make decisions about behavior, testing and health care. In addition, PS aims to help partners gain earlier access to individualized counseling, HIV testing, medical evaluation, treatment, and other prevention services.
Prevention Programs for Priority Populations
The Infectious Disease and Environmental Health Administration provides funding, technical assistance and capacity building support for the local health departments and community-based organizations that offer risk reduction counseling and education and prevention interventions for priority populations:
- HIV Positive Persons
- Men who have Sex with Men
- Injection Drug Users
- Special Populations: African Immigrants, Hispanics, Deaf, Transgender
Programs implemented and supported by the Infectious Disease and Environmental Health Administration provide comprehensive HIV education and risk reduction interventions to high-risk individuals to prevent new HIV infections in Maryland. These interventions are provided in diverse settings, such as drug treatment facilities, prisons and detention centers, community health centers, health departments, and local schools and colleges.